Alexandrite is a rare, phenomenal, color-change variety of chrysoberyl that displays a colour change depending on light conditions and the angle it is view from (pleochroism).
The name Alexandrite comes from the fact that the gemstone was first discovered in the emerald mines near the Tokovaya River in Russia’s Ural Mountains in 1830, on the day of Prince Alexander II of Russia’s birthday. Because the stones appeared green or red, the same colors as Old Imperial Russia’s military colors, the stone became the national stone of tsarist Russia.
Mystical Powers of Alexandrite
It is believed to bring balance in the interaction between the physical manifest world and the unmanifest spiritual, or astral world. It opens the crown chakra, bringing one access to the warm, healing energy and love of the universe. It is also said to strengthen intuiion, creativity, and imagination.
Alexandrite encourages romance. It is also said that through the stone, joy enters the lives of people with too much self-discipline
They are recommended for those recovering from surgery or a prolonged illness. They have the ability to aid the system in restoring internal and physical energy.
Physical Properties and Science of Alexandrite
Alexandrite is a variety of the mineral chrysoberyl. What makes Alexandrite different from other varieties of the mineral, such as a cat’s eye, is the presence of not only iron and titanium, but also chromium as a major impurity.
Alexandrite’s main characteristic is the ability to change color if exposed to a light source that is rich in red rays under such light, such as candlelight, or artificial light, the stone turns red or reddish. This pronounced color change is highly prized. The most valuable alexandrites are brilliant green, and change color to a fiery red under light.
Because of this color change characteristic, the stone has been called “”emerald by day, ruby by night.”
Available colors: varies in color with incident light: green, blue-green, or pale green in daylight; mauve, violet to red, purplish in incandescent light.
Transparency: Opaque to transparent
Found in: Russia, Brazil, India, Sri lanka, Zimbabwe, Myanmar